AGRICA <p><strong>Agrica:&nbsp;Journal of Sustainable Dryland <em>Agriculture </em></strong>is a journal that presents a platform for sharing knowledge in science and technology related to Sustainable Dryland Agriculture. It’s studies are agronomy, pest and plant diseases, soil science, agricultural conservation and ecology, organic farming, agrobiodiversity, agrotourism, permaculture covering the economic aspects of dryland sustainable agricul­ture (agribusiness, agricultural socio-economic, agroindustry), agricultural diversification, land and water conservation, agricultural climate, food security, animal welfare concept, mechanization, science and food technology in dryland environment</p> Agriculture Faculty of Flores University en-US AGRICA 2715-6613 Peta Penyebaran Dan Citra Foto Udara Penyakit Tungro Pada Tanaman Padi Di Desa Marapokot Kecamatan Aesesa Kabupaten Nagekeo Agustinus Mbedo Agustinus JP Ana Saga Copyright (c) 2020 AGRICA 2020-12-26 2020-12-26 13 2 1 15 10.37478/agr.v13i2.746 Analisis Ketersediaan Kadmium di Tanah dan Beras Yang Berasal dari Desa Detusoko Barat <p>Cadmium is a heavy metal that is widely found in agricultural land because of the frequent use of inorganic phosphorus fertilizers. The use of high phosphorus inorganic fertilizers is also used by farmers who cultivate rice in Detusoko Barat Village. Therefore, research has been carried out with the aim of knowing the cadmium content in paddy soil and rice and its comparison with the minimum limit of cadmium in rice and soil. This research is survey research, in which the determination of soil and rice samples using a purposive sampling method. From this method, the soil samples taken are rice fields cultivating Palembang, Bengawan and Kental rice varieties. And the rice samples taken were rice from the three varieties. The variables observed were cadmium from the soil and rice and soil pH. The results showed that the cadmium content in Palembang rice soil was 0.015 ppm, Bengawan 0.006 ppm, and thick 0.001 ppm, while the results of the research on cadmium content in Palembang rice were 0.007 ppm, Bengawan rice was 0.008 ppm, and thick rice was 0.006 ppm. Where the cadmium content in rice is still below the minimum limit that has been set.</p> Charly Mutiara Iswawan Redu Josina Irene Brigetha Hutubessy Copyright (c) 2020 AGRICA 2020-12-26 2020-12-26 13 2 16 23 10.37478/agr.v13i2.747 Populasi Dan Intensitas Serangan Pelopidas mathias (Lepidoptera: Hespiridae) Pada Tanaman Padi Sawah (Oriyza sativa L) Di Kecamatan Poco Ranaka Kabupaten Manggarai Timur Yustina Meling Sri Wahyuni Copyright (c) 2020 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 13 2 24 34 10.37478/agr.v13i2.754 Pemanfaatan Limbah Cucian Beras Hitam Sebagai Pupuk Organik Cair Terhadap Tanaman Sawi Hijau (Brassica juncea L) murdaningsih murdaningsih Josina Irene Brigetha Hutubessy Albertus M.T Hurint Copyright (c) 2020 AGRICA 2020-12-28 2020-12-28 13 2 35 46 10.37478/agr.v13i2.734 Pengaruh Jarak Tanam dan Pemberian Jenis Pupuk Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Produksi Tanaman Jagung (Zea mays L) Di Desa Paubekor Kecamatan Koting Kabupaten Sikka <p style="text-align: justify;">Corn is a food crop commodity that has an important and strategic role in national development. The demand for corn continues to increase in line with the increase in population as a result of the increased need for food. Increasing maize production can be done through spacing and fertilization. This study aims to determine the effect of the interaction between planting distance and fertilizer type as well as the effect of every single factor. This study was designed using a factorial randomized block design consisting of two factors, namely spacing (T) and type of fertilizer (P). Each factor consists of several levels that are combined to produce 9 treatments including T1P0, T1P1, T1P2, T2P0, T2P1, T2P2, T3P0, T3P1, and T3P2. Each treatment was repeated three times in order to obtain 27 experimental units. The observation variables included plant height and number of leaves as measured at 52 days after planting, as well as maize production per plot. Observation data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and continued with the LSD test at the 5% level. The results showed that the interaction between spacing and application of fertilizers had a significant effect on maize production per plot with the highest yield found in the T2P2 treatment interaction of 7.57 kg/plot. Whereas for the number of leaves and height of maize plants aged 52 DAS, the interaction between the two factors had no effect. A single treatment of spacing and application of fertilizers did not affect all the observed variables.</p> Paulinus Yon Anderson Yovita Yasintha Bolly Copyright (c) 2020 AGRICA 2021-01-04 2021-01-04 13 2 47 60 10.37478/agr.v13i2.755 Identifikasi Aktivitas Petani Dan Sifat Fisik Tanah Sawah Di Desa Detusoko Barat Kecamatan Detusoko Kabupaten Ende <p>This study aims to determine the activity of farmers and the physical properties of soil on rice fields in the village of Detusoko Barat, Detusoko District, Ende Regency. The research method used is the method of purposive sampling. The research was carried out in paddy fields in the village of Detusoko Barat and in the soil chemical laboratory of the Faculty of Agriculture, Undana. Farmer activity variables observed were rice cultivation such as seedbed, land preparation, planting, fertilizing, maintaining, harvesting. Variable physical characteristics that are analyzed temperature, rainfall, humidity, drainage, texture, effective depth, slope, surface rock, rock outcrop. The results showed that the activities of farmers in the village of West Detusoko carried out rice cultivation twice a year, tillage using a tractor and fertilizing using inorganic fertilizer. The physical properties of soil in the ciherang rice variety in Detusoko Barat village are generally<br />classified as very suitable (S1) class. And in rice varieties, Bengawan also generally belongs to the (S1) class very appropriate.</p> Martinus Putra Jayawora Charly Mutiara Copyright (c) 2020 AGRICA 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 13 2 61 77 10.37478/agr.v13i2.271 ANALISIS PENDAPATAN USAHATANI KAKAO DI KABUPATEN ENDE (Kajian pada Desa Kedebodu dan Rewarangga) <p>One of the leading plantation commodities in Indonesia is cocoa (Theobroma Cacao). Through the Decree of the Minister of Agriculture and Plantation (Kepmentan) No.46 / Kpts / PD.300 / 2015 Ende Regency, East Nusa Tenggara [NTT] was determined as a mainstay cocoa plantation area, but in fact the production was not optimal. Based on these considerations, this study aims to determine the level of cocoa farming income and the factors that influence farmers' income, and analyze the feasibility and usefulness of a cocoa farming fund.</p> <p>The method used in this research is descriptive method. The research location was determined by purposive sampling, based on the consideration that the area is a cocoa-producing region in Ende Regency. Sampling is the Ende Selatan District of Kedebodu and Rewarangga Villages. The population is all cocoa farmers, with a sample of 20 respondents. Data was collected by interview, questionnaire, observation, and documentation techniques. The feasibility analysis is done by B / C ratio analysis. In addition to the analysis also conducted an analysis of income and receipts with the formula TC and TR.</p> <p>The results showed a B / C ratio of 5.24% which meant that the cocoa business was profitable and feasible to be developed. Total income from cocoa and non-cocoa is Rp 315,732,000. and from cocoa alone. Rp 91,532,000, - and total revenue of Rp. 73,897,000, and non-cocoa Rp. 29,933,000. While the total cost of cocoa is IDR 17,635,000 and non-cocoa IDR 194,267,000. Factors influencing the cocoa business in Ende District include, level of education, gender participation, labor age, age of old cocoa plants, and not yet applying profitable technology. It is advisable for farmers to intensify cocoa farming by implementing P3S, and post-harvest processing, forming young people groups and building networks of cooperation with all stakeholders<strong>.</strong></p> Imaculta Fatima Copyright (c) 2020 AGRICA 2021-01-14 2021-01-14 13 2 78 97 10.37478/agr.v13i2.389